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Indian J Endocrinol Metab. 2012 Dec;16(Suppl 2):S468-70. doi: 10.4103/2230-8210.104134.

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1
Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:

Internal audit of an aspect of a disease at repeated intervals helps in predicting the new emerging trends. This study was planned to assess the profile of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) without overt complications.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Patients with HbA1c between 6% and 9% on oral hypoglycemic agents and who did not have clinically overt complications of diabetes were recruited from outpatient clinic of Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) from April 2009 to October 2011.

RESULTS:

A total of 91 patients (53 males and 38 females) were recruited over 3 years of period. Their mean age was 49.65 ± 11.22 years (range in years) and mean duration of diabetes was 48.09 ± 41.44 (range: 1-180) months. Biochemical evaluation revealed mean fasting blood sugar (FBS): 126.69 ± 25.80 mg/dl and mean HbA1c: 7.12 ± 0.81%. Family history of DM was present in 60.43% of patients, 6.59% were active smokers and 46.15% were obese (waist circumference ≥90 cm in males and ≥80 cm in females). All but 6.59% (n = 6) of patients were dyslipidemic and only 25 of these were on antidyslipidemic treatment. Isolated low HDL was most common abnormality (25.27%, n = 23), followed by combination of low HDL and raised LDL (17.58%, n = 16). Evaluation of complications showed retinopathy the 1 last update 27 May 2020 in just one patient, nephropathy in 17.68%, and neuropathy in 10.97%. MINI neuropsychiatric scale for depression was positive in four patients and four patients were on antidepressants.A total of 91 patients (53 males and 38 females) were recruited over 3 years of period. Their mean age was 49.65 ± 11.22 years (range in years) and mean duration of diabetes was 48.09 ± 41.44 (range: 1-180) months. Biochemical evaluation revealed mean fasting blood sugar (FBS): 126.69 ± 25.80 mg/dl and mean HbA1c: 7.12 ± 0.81%. Family history of DM was present in 60.43% of patients, 6.59% were active smokers and 46.15% were obese (waist circumference ≥90 cm in males and ≥80 cm in females). All but 6.59% (n = 6) of patients were dyslipidemic and only 25 of these were on antidyslipidemic treatment. Isolated low HDL was most common abnormality (25.27%, n = 23), followed by combination of low HDL and raised LDL (17.58%, n = 16). Evaluation of complications showed retinopathy in just one patient, nephropathy in 17.68%, and neuropathy in 10.97%. MINI neuropsychiatric scale for depression was positive in four patients and four patients were on antidepressants.

CONCLUSION:

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients have very high prevalence of dyslipidemia even in patients with good glycemic control. This study allowed us to realize lacunae in our clinical practice regarding need for better care of lipid parameters.

KEYWORDS:

Diabetes mellitus; dyslipidemia

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